Construction of the Burj al-Arab

Construction of the Burj al-Arab began in 1994, and opened to visitors on December 1, 1999. The design takes the form of the display of a dhow (traditional Arabic boat). Close to the peak, there is a helipad (helicopter landing site), and the restaurant Al Muntaha (highest in Arabic) on the other side, who were detained by the cantilever (wall that jut out as a drag balcony) above sea level. One unique element is the atrium wall facing the beach, made of Teflon-coated fiberglass fabric. The interior was designed by Khuan Chew.

Building Construction:
High 321 meter Burj Tower

Built on a triangular-shaped artificial island, a distance of 290 meters from the beach Jumerah Dubai, with a side length of 150 m, open fields around the building area of ​​7.5 m from the sea.

Area of ​​"gross area" is 1.2 million square feet with a height of 28 two-room floors, each floor   height is 7 m.

The length of the bridge to the artificial island 450 m.

Sidewalk or shore artificial islands covered with hollow concrete (reinforced special steel) with a hollow sloping toward the sea surface which can absorb waves without wasting water on the island.

The structure of diagonal steel concrete (terekpos can break wind and refreshing), founded over 250 concrete piles which penetrate into the pole deep seabed more than 40 m.

Between the two wings there is a large triangular atrium overlooking the beach, which is covered by a double skinned, Teflon coated woven glass fiber screen, the technology was first used in vertical form.

Construction of the building has spent 70,000 cubic meters of concrete and 9,000 tons of steel.

Artificial Island Construction:

To make the basic building (islands) that are safe, then plugged in as many as 230 40-meter long concrete piles into the pile of sand, with perinsip use friction force bearing capacity of sand and mud. The surface of artificial islands covered with piles of large rocks that lined / reinforced with steel beronjong (honey-comb), which is rust resistant to prevent erosion of the foundation of the building. For the manufacture of these artificial islands spent 3 years of the contract period of 5 years implementing this project.

Here are the stages and process of making construction of the island:
Tubes / temporary piles embedded into the seabed.

Lembran (temporary) wall / pile (sheet piles) and pole / pillar reinforcement embedded into the seabed to hold the boundary of the circle of stone "rocks bounds" (see Figure 1)

Limit permanent, heap "bounds rock" mounted on the side of the sheet pile (sheet piles) that circles the extent artificial island that will be created.

Then put the sheet / saplings preventive / barrier seepage water (hydraulic fill layers) and to protect it by filling / piled with piles of soil / sand to form dike (see Figure 2) then also fill the base layer to prevent sea water resepan.

Unit hollow concrete (reinforced special steel), which permanently installed around the island to protect from blow wave.

Pile / foundation 2 m in diameter embedded into the seabed as deep as 43 m as the basis or foundation of the next building structure (see Figure 3)

The mounted mall / trunk temporary dam.

The concrete slab thickness of 2 m mounted on the base of the island.

Proceed with the construction of concrete retaining wall "Retaining Wall" and the ground floor "basement" (see Figure 4)


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